The United Nations' International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action is observed on April 4 each year. This day aims to raise awareness about landmines and progress toward their eradication. "Mine action" refers to a range of efforts to clear landmines and explosive remnants of war and to mark and fence off dangerous areas. It also includes assisting victims, teaching people how to remain safe in a mine-affected environment, advocating for universal participation in international treaties related to landmines, explosive remnants of war and their victims, and destroying landmines stockpiled by governments and non-state armed groups.
The United Nations Refugee Agency continues to provide technical assistance - best international practices and technical equipment - to enhance the effectiveness of the Rescue Service response in the Donetsk region.
The pyrotechnical units of the Main Department of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine in Donetsk region clear the territory of the region from ammunition. However, a significant part of the Donetsk oblast is still contaminated with explosive objects. In 2017, 10 civilians were killed by mines, in 2018 – 4 civilians. At the beginning of 2019, 2 men were killed by grenade exploded in Mariupol. That’s why mine risk education is of primary importance. The rescuers continue informing the population about the danger of explosive remnants and mines by means of posters, brochures, leaflets, etc.